Monday, December 22, 2014

Emergence of New Bangladesh through Biotech Revolution

As an agricultural country, without the improvement of agricultural sector, it will be difficult to reach the top of development. There is a blessing, actually blessing of biological science that can help us to hold our country in the stage of competitive world .It is well known that the 21st century is the age of biotechnology which is mainly focused by genome research. Recently, Bangladesh has hold up herself in the premises of world science through the invention of jute genome project named “Sopnajatra”. This has become possible by the true love of some brilliant sons of our country. Maqsudul Alam is one of them, a Bangladeshi American Scientist and Professor. Dr. Maqsudul Alam achieved three milestones in genomics- sequencing the genomes of Papaya, Rubber plants and Jute.

There are a lot of examples, where our greatest scientists, biotechnologists, geneticists are involving themselves in various fruitful project which is really necessary for our country. Bangldeshi genetics expert Abed Chaudhury has developed a method he calls “second life” or “extended life” rice farming whereby rice can produce up to three crops from one plant, boosting yields several fold. He says he eventually wants to turn rice from an annual plant into a perennial plant, saving costs and improving yield. National Institute Biotechnology plays a very important role in the field of biotechnological research for agricultural, environmental, medical, food and industrial development of the country. The Institute is intended for the application of biotechnology-based technologies as per guidelines of National Biotechnology Policy. BIRRI has also expanded biotechnological research.Flood  resistant, salt resistant, drought resistant rice varieties has been being released by the blessing of biotechnology. Biofertilizers, microbial inoculants, are cultured and commercially produced by BINA and some others laboratory throughout our country. Department of Genetic engineering & Biotechnology of many universities of our country also launch various biotechnology based research works which are really necessary for the better development of our country. Young biotechnologists also come forward with their merit & contribution. We believe that one day our Bangladesh will be turned into the “Dreamy Golden Bangla” by an agricultural revolution which is exactly done by biotech revolution.

JUTE GENOME PROJECT

21st century is the age of biotechnology which is mainly focused by genome research. Recently, Bangladesh has emerged  in the premises of world science through the invention of jute genome project named “Sopnajatra”. This has become possible by the true love of some brilliant sons of our country. Maqsudul Alam is one of them, a Bangladeshi American Scientist and Professor.

A consortium of researchers from Dhaka University, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute and Software Company DataSoft Systems Bangladesh Ltd. in collaboration with Centre for Chemical Biology, University of Science Malaysia and University of Hawaii, USA has successfully decoded the Jute Plant Draft Genome. This accomplishment by local scientists and bioinformatics specialists will potentially placed Bangladesh at the forefront of the global jute industry. With this Bangladesh becomes one of the few countries in the world and perhaps the only country in the developing world to have successfully sequenced a genome of importance.

To successfully complete this project the government in collaboration with the University of Dhaka and Data Soft, a non-government organization, has developed the work force and knowledge-base by incorporating the young graduate students from the University and the enthusiastic computer programmers from Data Soft. The whole work was co-ordinated by Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI). This step of including the young graduates is a positive sign of developing the youths of this country who in future will enlighten this nation with their knowledge and achieved experiences from this project. None the less, this type of effort will stop the threatening brain drain from this country. From the very beginning of this project, state-of-art technologies were used along with rigorous quality control in each and every step to ensure the standard of the work. These technologies established in Bangladesh will definitely shape up the research of this country to the right course and will encourage the scientists to join the technological super highway to keep pace with the contemporary researches.

This project was an ultimate challenge for Bangladesh and the challenge has been overcome successfully. It was an eventual result of dreams and promises to do something for this country, days of hard works of the contributors and workers with the expenditure of money of the people of this country. Bangladesh with this project can now proclaim her existence with pride and honor to the rest of the world.

ICCDR,B

ICCDR,B is the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh – an international health research institution located in Dhaka. Established in 1978, the Centre is credited, among other accomplishments, with the discovery of oral rehydration therapy for the treatment of diarrhoea and cholera. Oral rehydration therapy is thought to have saved over 40 million people worldwide.

Actually iccdr,b has become a fusion house of science & knowledge . Development of the various wings of biotechnology , we can observe different  achievements throughout the world where iccdr,b isn’t also deprived.

Besides this ICDDR,B scientists in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University and the World Health Organization documented the effectiveness of zinc therapy when used during the management of diarrhoeal episodes in children. ICDDR,B has unique epidemiological strength to conduct studies on disease incidence and burden, as well as prospective interventions to control disease.

There were days in Bangladesh when people used to say “ola bibi has come ” when they were attacked by cholera.Standind on this superstition many people died on cholera and diarrhoea.It is the oral rehydration solution[ORS] which saved and is saving the life of many people .Young students of life science and medical science have a dream through the ICDDRB that due to availability of oral administrable vaccine of cholera not a single human being of this country will die of cholera. We also hope that the institution will be able to produce vaccine of those diseases because of which infants die.

Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI)

Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) is one of the largest agricultural research institute of Bangladesh. It was established in October 1970. BRRI is dedicated to improve the welfare of rice producers and consumers of Bangladesh. The mandate of the institute is to conduct research on all aspects of rice, demonstrate improved technologies to the farmers, train up extenstion personnel regarding modern rice technology, and to publish booklets and leaflets for rapid transfer of technologies. BRRI has 9 regional stations in addition to its Head Quarter. These 9 regional stations are located in Barisal, Comilla, Chuadanga, Sonagazi (Feni), Bhanga (Faridpur), Habigong, Khulna, Rangpur and Rajshahi. BRRI scientists and staffs work under 18 Research Divisions and 7 Support Services Sections.

Research program of BRRI is operated under seven Program Areas: Varietal Development, Crop-Soil-Water Management, Pest Management, Rice Farming System, Farm Mechanization, Socio-Economic and Policy, and Technology Transfer. These seven programm areas are divided into 49 Sub-Programme Areas.BRRI has a total manpower of 762 (4 managerial positions, 265 scientific positions and 493 support services positions). Its annual budget (salary and allowances) is about 52.3 Million Taka (approximately 1.19 million US$).

 Major Achievements :

1.  BRRI has so far developed 31 modern rice varieties for cultivation in different rice growing seasons. BRRI varieties are grown both under rainfed and irrigated condition. BRRI varieties cover 52 percent of the rice area and 70 percent of the total rice production Bangladesh .Popular BRRI varieties are BR 11, BR 3, BR 10, BR 4, BR 14, and BR 1. The area coverage (in thousand hectares) of these varieties are as follows: BR 11 (1635), BR 3 (73), BR 10 (69), BR 4(69), BR 14 (55) and BR 1 (50).

2.  Two BRRI varieties (BR 22 and BR 23) are suitable for late plantation during the T.Aman Season. Therefore, they can be used as a flood mitigating technology. These two varities has also prospect for cultivation in the coasl areas of Bangladesh where CHINGRI GHER (the fields under shrimp culture) are ready for rice cultivation at the end of August

3. BRRI has identified 175 insects and 31 diseases of rice prevailing in Bangladesh. Among these insects and diseases 20 are major insects while 10 are major diseases.

4.    Irrigation and water management is another vital aspect of agriculture in Bangladesh specially in the time  when water scarcity is every  where. Maintaing Shallow water depth and rotational irrigation practices can save about 30 percent of water without hampering yield.

5.   To satisfy the farmers need for agricultural equipments BRRI developed Hydro Tiller, Rice-Wheat Threasher and Harvester Prototype

6.    BRRI breeding lines have also been released as varieties in different INGER participating countries of the rice growing countries in the world during 1975-95. These countries are Myanmar, Vietnam, India, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Burundi, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Sierra leone.

7.    The major achievements of BRRI has been in developing high-yielding modern varieties (MVs) of rice. BRRI has so far released Sixty MVs (56 inbred and 4 hybrid):

8.    About 8,000 germplasms, most of which are local, have been collected and preserved in the BRRI gene bank. BRRI is now moving ahead with a radical idea, that of developing a new rice plant type with ‘cluster grains’ panicles. The new plants are expected to bring about 20-25% yield improvement over the existing MVs.

 BRRI is a major component of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of Bangladesh, dealing with research and development in relation to rice production, the staple food for our people. With the develpoment of biotechnological research & genetic engineering process now the time has come to apply modern technique rather than conventional process of crop improvement and in this BRRI has become more advance. We believe that the day is not so far when our bangladesh will be turned into “ the country of rice & fish “ with the contribution of BRRI as well as the light of biotechnology.

 

National Institute of Biotechnology (NIB)

National Institute of Biotechnology (NIB) plays a very important role in the field of biotechnological research for agricultural, environmental, medical, food and industrial development of the country. The Institute is intended for the application of biotechnology-based technologies as per guidelines of National Biotechnology Policy. The tools of biotechnology are currently being applied across the biological sciences to address problems in agricultural crop improvement, marine sciences and aquaculture, environment, pharmacy, forensics and public health.

The institute deserves its contribution for upgrading the socioeconomic development of the country through developing of high yielding varieties of crops, generation of employment, poverty alleviation, women empowerment, human resource development and awareness creation about the importance of application of biotechnology in agriculture, environment, health and industrial sectors.

Realizing the tremendous potential of biotechnology to offer unique, efficient, eco-friendly and economically viable options for our society and future, the mission of the institute is to facilitate a biotechnology network of people and facilities to enhance cross-disciplinary research and services that would ultimately increase agricultural productivity, augment farm income and reduce poverty, improving standards of living for rural as well as urban people of our country.

 

Universities with Progressive Biotechnology

Department of Genetic engineering & Biotechnology of many universities of our country launch various biotechnology based research works which are really necessary for the betterment of our country. Young bio-technologists are coming forward with their merit & contribution to reshape our economy with the miracle of biotechnology. There are various wings of biotechnology which are perfectly utilized by our young bio-technologist throughout the country specially  in the university level. In this sense , we can mention the plant biotechnology lab of Dhaka University, one of the largest & the most fertile place for biotechnological research. Department of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology of Shahjalal university of Science & Technology also launch various project e.g., USDA project of fish biotechnology and so on. There are a lot of universities both public & private offer B.S.C & M.S. program  for young students which is really necessary for the expand of biotechnological knowledge.

Home of Biotechnology :

There  was a hope of industrial revolution and now there is a hope of biotech revolution. These universities , the home of knowledge and scholars , are producing a lot of biotech  graduates every year . We believe that one day these young biotechnologist will change our country with their merit & contribution to the respective field .

 

  • Nobin Hasan

    Really we should bring a revolution …
    “Emergence of New Bangladesh through Biotech Revolution” this one is well written..

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